Russia May Deploy S-400 System to Kyrgyzstan Following Agreement on Joint Air Defense System

  • Bureau
  • 08:41 AM, October 13, 2023
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Russia May Deploy S-400 System to Kyrgyzstan Following Agreement on Joint Air Defense System
S-400 missile systems @Russia MoD

Russia is expected to deploy several air defense systems, including S-300 and S-400 systems, in Kyrgyzstan following the recent approval by the Kyrgyzstan's parliament of an agreement with Russia to establish a joint air defense system network. This collaborative initiative is set to bolster both nations' capabilities in safeguarding their airspace.

Under the terms of the agreement, a portion of the Kant Russian military base located in Kyrgyzstan, encompassing five hectares (approximately 12 acres) of land, will be allocated for the joint air defense program. This decision was reached during a parliamentary session, during which lawmakers carefully examined and subsequently approved the bill concerning the establishment of the Joint Regional Air Defense System between the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation.

The agreement, which envisions the creation of a shared defense system, is scheduled to be in force for a period of five years. This move underscores a growing trend of Russia entering into similar agreements with neighboring countries, including Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Tajikistan, to enhance regional security.

In light of this development, it is essential to consider Kyrgyzstan's existing air defense capabilities, predominantly comprised of aging equipment dating back to the Soviet era. The Kyrgyzstan Army currently relies on a mix of air defense systems, including the 9K32 Strela-2, 9K35 Strela-10, ZSU-23-4, S-60, S-125 Neva-M1, and S-75M3 Dvina. However, the absence of modern air defense systems has been a notable concern.

Amidst the approval of the agreement, questions loom regarding the specifics of the air defense systems Russia intends to deploy in Kyrgyzstan. While the exact details remain undisclosed, it is widely speculated that the Kant Military Base will host long-range air defense systems, such as the S-400 or S-300, alongside its current S-125 and S-75 systems. Additionally, there are indications that Russia may also provide lower-tier air defense systems like Tor, Buk, and Pantsir to bolster the region's defense capabilities in addition to the more advanced S-400/300 system.

The establishment of this joint air defense network marks a significant step forward in strengthening the security and defense cooperation between Kyrgyzstan and Russia, further enhancing their capabilities in safeguarding their shared airspace.

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